Reforming Municipal Parking Policies to Align With
Strategic Community Goals
Victoria, Canada is currently engaged in a parking policy review which proposes reducing some off-street parking requirements. These changes are good, but modest. This short report identifies much bolder reforms that would better align parking policies with other community goals. Although written for Victoria, the analysis and recommendations are appropriate for most municipalities.
Better Cities, Better Growth: India's Urban Opportunity
This major report by a coalition of researchers and international development organizations uses an innovative combination of night-time satellite images, census, environmental, and economic data, to evaluate development patterns in 479 Indian cities. The results indicate that, consistent with other research, more compact, connected cities had stronger economic than sprawled urban areas. It incorporates Todd Litman's previous research on the costs of sprawl and benefits of compact, multi-modal urban development.
The Hidden Traffic Safety Solution: Public Transportation
This study written by Todd Litman for the American Public Transportation Association shows how public transit can increase safety for users and communities. Public transit travel has about a tenth the traffic casualty (death and injury) rate as automobile travel, and transit-oriented communities have about a fifth the per capita traffic casualty rate as automobile-oriented communities. Yet, these benefits are often overlooked: conventional transit project evaluation seldom considers traffic safety impacts despite their huge value, and traffic safety programs seldom advocate transit improvements, although it can be a very cost-effective traffic safety strategy, considering all benefits and costs.
Urban Sanity: Understanding Urban Mental Health Impacts and How to Create Saner, Happier Cities
This report examines how urban living affects residents' mental health and happiness, and ways to use this information to create saner and happier cities. Some often-cited studies suggest that urban living increases mental illness and unhappiness, but a critical review indicates that much of this research is incomplete and biased, and the issues are complex, involving trade-offs between risk factors. This report examines specific mechanisms by which urban living can affect mental health and happiness, and identities practical strategies that communities and individuals can use to increase their urban mental health and happiness. This analysis suggests that it is possible to create sane and happy cities.
Selling Smart Growth: Communicating The Direct Benefits of More Accessible, Multi-Modal
Locations to Households, Businesses and Governments
This report examines direct benefits to households, businesses and local governments provided by Smart Growth policies, and describes how to better communicate them to consumers, real estate professionals and policy makers.