Response to "Putting People First: An Alternative Perspective with an Evaluation of the NCE Cities 'Trillion Dollar' Report"
My report, Analysis of Public Policies That Unintentionally Encourage and Subsidize Urban Sprawl, evaluated costs of sprawl and benefits of Smart Growth, and identified various policy distortions that result in economically excessive sprawl and automobile travel. Wendell Cox responded with, Putting People First: An Alternative Perspective with an Evaluation of the NCE Cities 'Trillion Dollar' Report, which argues that my study exaggerated sprawl costs and Smart Growth benefits. This document examines and responds to his criticism. Cox uses incomplete data and unjustified assumptions to reach his conclusions; they cannot withstand scrutiny. He incorrectly defines Smart Growth, applies biased analysis, and misrepresents key evidence. In fact, my $1.2 trillion annual estimate reflects a lower-bound value, the actual total costs of sprawl are probably significantly higher.
Determining Optimal Urban Expansion, Population and Vehicle Density, and Housing Types for Rapidly Growing Cities
This paper, accepted for presentation at the 2016 World Conference on Transport Research in Shanghai, examines the economic, social and environmental impacts of various urban development factors including urban expansion, population and vehicle density, housing type, roadway design and management, and recreation facility availability. The results are used to create guidelines for urban development that optimizes for various planning objectives including openspace (farmland and habitat) preservation, efficient public infrastructure and services, public health and safety, efficient transportation, affordability, economic productivity and opportunity, and urban livability (local environmental quality).
When Are Bus Lanes Warranted? Considering Economic Efficiency, Social Equity and Strategic Planning Goals
This report describes a framework for determining when bus lanes are warranted. Bus lanes increase urban transport system efficiency and equity by favoring higher value trips and more space-efficient modes over lower-value trips and space-intensive modes.
Understanding Smart Growth Savings: Evaluating Economic Savings and Benefits of Compact Development, and How They Are Misrepresented By Critics
This report summarizes current research concerning the benefits and costs of compact, multimodal development, investigates consumer preferences for such communities, and critiques smart growth criticisms.
Welcome To Our Neighborhood: A Manifesto for Inclusivity
This short document summarizes key conclusions and recommendations from the report, Affordable Accessible Housing in a Dynamic City